Interactive systems are designed to appear and behave in a particular manner. In computer sciences, these questions are examined under human-computer interaction, where the outcome can be a novel design for a particular problem. However, social scientists have recently proposed that deeper engagement with design-oriented research approaches may be fruitful (Lupton, 2018). They see design-oriented research approaches as tools to understand materiality. Partly the idea with these approaches is to
develop knowledge that cannot be fully expressed in text or other typical research outcome formats (e.g. Stolterman and Wiberg, 2010). Alternatively, research focused on design has a different perspective towards the future. Design work is always about the future and allows scientists to peek into it and understand what it might be like (Reeves et al., 2016).